Political instability is defined as the process whereby the political life or atmosphere of a country or nation suddenly changes or fails. When the political situation of a state or region is not certain because it has a high possibility of changing or getting disturbed, then we say there is political instability in that state or region.
If the rights and freedoms of the people are not respected or are trampled upon, then it is very easy for instability to emerge. Political instability occurs when elections are not free and fair. Many countries have suffered from political instability because of unfair elections characterized by rigging of votes and intimidations during elections. An election that is not free and fair is one of the major causes of political instability in many countries across the globe. Another cause of political instability in a country is when the government decides not to be open and transparent.
Since long time Nepal is also facing the problem of political instability. Thus, we need to think of making Nepal Politically Stable.
Many Nepalese children run away to the capital in search of a better life. Some are lured by often false promises of high-paying jobs in tourism. The children are frequently referred to as khate, a derogatory term referring to scrap plastic collectors. There are estimated to be around 1500 street children in Kathmandu, predominantly boys, and the problem seems to be getting worse.
The conditions street children endure are arguably more debilitating than rural poverty. Homeless, they sleep in doorways, open shelters or unfinished buildings. Weakened and malnourished by a poor diet and contaminated water, few are without disease. Many sniff glue or become addicted to harder drugs. They’re regularly beaten by the police, and vulnerable to sexual violence and abuse.
So, trend must be avoided to save the lives of the street children’s in Nepal.
Protection of animals from cruelty through requirements of humane treatment. Laws protecting animal rights proscribe certain forms of brutal and merciless treatment of animals in medical and scientific research and in the handling of and slaughter of animals for human consumption.
Some of the animal rights are:
No experiments on animals.
No breeding and killing animals for food or clothes or medicine.
No use of animals for hard labor.
No selective breeding for any reason other than the benefit of the animal.
No zoos or use of animals in entertainment.
Girls trafficking is literally defined as the buying and selling of girls illegally. Girl trafficking is a social crime in which innocent and illiterate girls from rural areas are sold inside the country or overseas either for prostitution or for forced labor.
Girl trafficking is one of the serious problems of Nepal. It is said that about 5000 girls are sold every year through different ways in Nepal. From rural areas, illiterate girls, who are suffering from poverty, are brought to cities by brokers on the pretext of good jobs. They are sold specially in various cities of India and forced to become a prostitute in a brothel.
A girl trafficking in Nepal is a serious problem mainly in remote areas. Although, girl trafficking in Nepal is occurring in the urban areas. Girl traffickers have made a complex network to supply the girls to the places of prostitution. Girls trafficking in Nepal has stigmatized our dignity. This social crime invites many social disasters, and ruins. Nowadays, a fatal disease, AIDS has been spread rapidly because of girls trafficking, too. Girls trafficking results the entire violation of human rights. Therefore, girls trafficking adversely affects the prosperity of human civilization.
Girls trafficking proves to be a stigma of our country. It can be uprooted by making people conscious and everyone is responsible to solve this problem.
Though child labor is illegal in Nepal, an estimated 1.6 million children between the ages of five and 17 years are in the work force. About three-quarters of them are under the age of 14, and most are girls. Child workers are a frequent sight on Kathmandu’s streets, whether cleaning dishes in local restaurants or making a living as conductors on the city’s public transport. Many are employed in the carpet, brick and garment industries, or in private homes as domestic workers. Employers typically see the relationship as a mutually beneficial arrangement, providing the children accommodation and education, as well as a salary that supports their families. Though working as underage domestic help is defined as child labor, there is an agreement between the children, their parents and the employers.
Every child has a dream and they wish to pursue it. Instead of pursuing their dreams due to some circumstances they are involved in the labor work . So , this has been one of the serious issue for nation. CHILD LABOUR MUST BE STOPPED !!!
Nepal generally evokes images of a pristine mountain nation on top of the world. The thick cloud of pollution that threatens to suffocate Nepal’s largest city, however, provides a stark contrast to this reputation. While there are several environmental crises converging here – severe water shortages, for instance, have become status quo – none is as dire as air quality. In the past 10 years, the number of vehicles on Kathmandu’s streets has risen threefold. The problem has become so acute that many of its 1.74 million residents are left wondering: at what point will the city become unlivable?
Air pollution is caused when air in the atmosphere is filled with particulate matter. The largest source air of pollution in Kathmandu is from vehicle exhaust fumes. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous, odorless, colorless gas that is formed when burning fossil fuels such as coal, petroleum and natural gas. Filters that are not changed regularly in your air conditioning units will accumulate dirt and cause the spread of pollutants in the air you breathe inside your home. Chemicals and toxic pollutants likes sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide react with water molecules in the atmosphere to produce acid rain. These pollutants come from factories, automobiles and any industrial or manufacturing plants. Another source of air pollution is from dust and dirt that goes airborne due to every day labor in the agricultural and construction industry. Dust is lifted from tractors working on fields, and from land clearing and general demolition in the construction industry.
Air pollution causes irritation in the throat, nose, lungs and eyes. It causes breathing problems and aggravates existing health conditions such as emphysema and asthma. Frequent exposure to polluted air increases the risk of cardiovascular disease. Breathing air that is filled with fine particulate matter can induce hardening of the arteries, triggering cardiac arrhythmia or even a heart attack.
So these things should be taken in concern precautions should be implemented. Continue reading “Air pollution in Kathmandu”